Oxytocin is known as the love hormone, hug hormone, cuddle chemical, moral molecule or bliss hormone. Recent studies have uncovered the chemical's effects on behavior dealing with love, and female biological functions in reproduction. It is developed in the hypothalamus region of the brain and is delivered to, and emitted by the pituitary gland, positioned at the base of the brain. Due to its chemical structure, it is classified as a hormone and a brain neurotransmitter. Oxytocin is a compound constructed of nine amino acids, which makes it a nonapeptide.

When oxytocin is transmitted, it regulates 2 functions of the female's reproduction system: childbirth and breast feeding. When this hormone is expelled during labor, it causes the woman's uterus and womb to contract, and when the cervix and vagina expand, more oxytocin is produced. For women, the primary purpose of the emission of this hormone is to aid the labor process and facilitate breast-feeding. When the mother's nipples are stimulated, oxytocin is released and milk is expelled. In essence, the hormone can be seen as promoting the continued creation of a species.

Oxytocin is also pertinent to emotional, cognitive and social behaviors. Once the hormone is released into the bloodstream, the people become more relaxed, trusting, and psychologically stable. It increases motherly inclinations, eases aggression, promotes bonding between couples, increases desire for sexual behavior, strengthens social memory and trust. Some scientists suggest oxytocin works with a number of chemical responders to produce such results, and it is known as Oxytocinthe science of human bonding. The oxytocin produced in the brain may even reduce the symptoms of anxiety in several different species. However, it is produced in greater quantities in the beginning of romantic relationships.

Studies pertaining to oxytocin's effect on emotion suggests that men focus on the woman in their life opposed to other women when the hormone is released. This hormone can increase a male's tendency to be faithful to his partner. In both sexes, sexual relations encourage the release of oxytocin, which can aid in reproduction. The reasons for this is not yet determined, but researchers believe the increased uterine motility causes sperm to successfully reach the egg. More information on oxytoxin's effect on romantic relationship can be found at sites like verolabs.com or www.verolabs.com.

High levels of oxytocin has been proven to make people overly sensitive and perceptive of other people's emotions. Additionally, it can make people feel more outgoing. While being outgoing can be a good thing, lying isn't, and the hormone can make people lie to impress others. However, oxytocin has benefits in psychological therapy. It has been dubbed as one of the best neuromodulators/neurotransmittors in the brain and is good for psycho-therapeutic treatment for conditions such as social phobia, postpartum depression, and even autism.