As the global fish market grows, it becomes imperative that people utilize the invaluable tools science provides to make sure we do not do any permanent damage to the oceans. There are a lot of health benefits people gain from eating fish, including a valuable source of protein, potassium, and B-vitamins. However, until recent decades, there was no system in place for managing the cultivation of the fish population. For as long as people have lived in an agrarian society, they have implemented practices for managing their livestock. It is surprising that only recently people have started implementing practices for farming fish.
One major force behind this has been farmed salmon producers looking to create a sustainable supply of fish. Salmon farming first went into practice during the sixties when scientists started investigating how they could utilize the life-cycle of salmon to create a renewable source of fish. By 1980, they had worked out enough of a system for salmon farmers in Norway to open the industry. In the years following, Chile began to farm salmon. Now, there are salmon farms in every corner of the world, including Australia and Scotland. The benefit of cultivating these farms has taught scientists a lot about the lifecycle of salmon.
The goal of farmed salmon producers is to change very little about how the salmon would develop in nature. They remove some outside threats from the equation like poachers and natural predators. In the wild, millions of salmon might die each year before they ever get the chance to reproduce. Removed from these potential problems, farmers are able to observe and guarantee the health of the salmon and their reproductive cycles.
What is the benefit of carefully propagating salmon for harvesting? The fewer fish that are pulled out of the ocean means the less environmental impact humanity leaves beneath the sea. The percentage of salmon farmed for consumption now makes up sixty percent of the salmon brought to market each year. On top of this, salmon farmers are better equipped to meet the growing need for fish. Salmon farming is the smart way for humans to protect wild fish reserves while also feeding their own growing population.