There have been millions of non-institutionalized adults in US alone who were diagnosed with various diseases in kidney. The kidney diseases include nephritic syndrome, nephrosis, and nephritis. It has been the 9th most common death cause in US, behind diabetes mellitus, influenza and Alzheimer.
Symptoms and Signs
At times, CKD is referred to as the “silent disease”. Most patients feel sick in the first place. As the disease progresses seriously, there will be some noticeable symptoms appear. The kidney function deterioration is imperceptible and slow that the symptoms will not take place until the damage is less 10 percent of the normal capacity.
Medication and Treatment
When talking about chronic kidney treatment, there are already several options according to the present condition of the patient. The initial step to fight against this disease and stop it from worsening is treating the main cause. Patients who have hypertension need to obtain blood pressure medication and have a healthy meal plan as well as exercise routine.
Some individuals having acute infections like UTI (urinary tract infection) must be cured with antibiotics or relieve and remove the urinary tract obstructions. In terms of end-stage and severe cases of renal disease where there is near-complete or complete kidney failure to excrete body waste, regulate electrolytes ad concentrate urine, the patients have to undergo dialysis or kidney transplant.
The kidney function decline rate relies on how the underlying disorder has been controlled. Controlling the blood pressure has been the ultimate step to delay continuous kidney damage. Other preventive measures should include smoking cessation, mentoring the levels of blood sugar, performing regular exercises or workouts, and eating a healthy meal plan which is low in cholesterol and fat.
The patient diagnosed with chronic kidney disease needs to take low-salt and low-protein diet. He or she should be able to limit the intake of fluid for balancing the minerals, fluid and electrolytes in the body. Since many dialysis patients have been urinating too little, or even not at all, the restriction of fluid in treatments can prevent the fluid from forming inside the body. As a result, it may cause excess fluid go to lungs, ankles, and heart.
Prevention should always be the goal when it comes to kidney failure. The chronic disease like diabetes and hypertension are totally devastating due to the damage to the kidneys as well as other organs. It is highly essential to keep the blood pressure and blood sugar within their normal limits. The specific treatments depend upon the specific diseases suffered from.
When the kidney disease has been present, your aim should focus on preventing further renal function deterioration. When ignored, your kidney will completely fail, however, underlying illnesses have been treated and addressed aggressively, your kidney will be preserved.